Tags: Technology. Science. Human life expectancy. Mortality rates among humans.
I know that there are times when modern technology can be almost enough to turn anyone to hard liquor, especially when system failures result in a task taking twice as long as it did when it was done with more manual input, but let’s be completely honest, technological advances that have been made throughout the years have certainly made life easier.
One of the most welcome changes that have been brought about by these advances in conjunction with increased knowledge is the increased ability to cure and/or prevent diseases. An example of this is that over the twenty years following 1991, the mortality rate associated with cancer fell by twenty percent and in the same twenty year period, the percentage of children who died before their fifth birthday dropped by almost half.
Between 1990 and 2013, the worldwide maternal mortality rate decreased by almost fifty percent. Also as a direct result of advances in medical science is the statistics relating to human life expectancy.
In the last fifty years, human life expectancy increased more than it had in the previous 200,000 years of human existence. In 1950, the average life expectancy was forty-seven years and by 2011, that had increased to seventy years. One of the largest issues faced by the medical profession has been the battle to eradicate polio and an encouraging statistic is that between 1988 and 2001, reported cases of the disease dropped by an incredible ninety nine percent. This result is due to mass vaccination campaigns which have not only saved millions of lives but have also prevented many from suffering a disability.
Scientists have also found that between 1971 and 2009, nuclear and renewable power has prevented 1.8 million deaths due to lower air pollution resulting from reduced usage of coal. When we consider that the above statistics are only a very small example of how much technology has improved society in general, it is easy to understand why there is constantly more and more funding spent on research in both the medical laboratories and industry.